Public Private Partnerships
Describes the combination of agency and industry resources and skills in a cooperative manner to reduce operations cost on the and possibly achieve market advantages. An example is New Zealand, which uses a PPP approach model very successfully to provide Government services (technology, hardware, bureaucracy, government markets) to private organizations contributing innovation, private investment and commercial markets. The application of this model is discussed for commercial space transportation for various scenarios (near earth, lunar exploration: AIAA paper 2006-5883 It is advocated that space business could grow by sharing the risk in PPP's according to similar models AIAA paper 2006-5932 .